Tag: 上海水磨论坛

Mosquito Fossil Found With Intact Heme from Blood

first_imgA blood-gorged mosquito said to be 46 million years old has been found in Montana shale, retaining hemoglobin from its last blood meal.Calling this an “extremely improbable event,” a female mosquito was fossilized in shale, preserving the red color of its blood-gorged abdomen.  Greenwalt et al. from Washington DC and Europe, publishing in PNAS, tested the reddish impressions and found porphyrins derived from hemoglobin, proving the molecules came from blood.  A male specimen, which does not engorge blood, was used as a control.The preservation of fossil female mosquito USNM 559050 was an extremely improbable event. The insect had to take a blood meal, be blown to the water’s surface, and sink to the bottom of a pond or similar lacustrine structure to be quickly embedded in fine anaerobic sediment, all without disruption of its fragile distended blood-filled abdomen. This fossil has provided a unique opportunity to ask whether or not a portion of the hemoglobin molecule could be preserved after tens of millions of years; heme was the most obvious target for our analysis. Detection of heme-derived porphyrins in the female specimen confirms that it is indeed a blood-engorged mosquito and provides direct evidence of hematophagy in the fossil record.About porphyrins, the authors state that “Porphyrins are energetically very stable molecules and have been shown to be preserved through geological time as common components of many oil shales.”  The authors were sure they had ruled out porphyrins from other sources. They detected heme itself is present, although in a degraded condition.As support for the longevity of these molecules, the authors referred to the findings of Mary Schweitzer of soft tissue in dinosaur bones:Blood vessels isolated from trabecular bone of the dinosaur Brachylophosaurus canadensis bound hemoglobin-specific antiserum in an immunosorbant assay, albeit with a signal only twice that of background levels. In immunoblot assays, antiserum raised against extracts of Tyrannosaurus rex trabecular bone reacted with purified hemoglobin but antiserum against hemoglobin did not react with extracts of B. canadensis bone. Both NMR and Raman spectroscopy have been applied to extracts of T. rex trabecular bone tissue, and data from both techniques were suggestive of the presence of heme and/or porphyrin.If heme could survive in dinosaur bone, it certainly could in a fossil considered half that age.  “The data reported herein provide incontrovertible documentation of the presence of heme– and arguably hemoglobin-derived porphyrins in a 46-million-year-old compression fossil and localize the porphyrins to a specific anatomical structure within that fossil.”PhysOrg summarized the paper, and included an opinion from Mary Schweitzer herself.  “Outside expert Mary Schweitzer of North Carolina State University said while the study is exciting and significant, it is preliminary and she thinks Greenwalt’s team didn’t prove their conclusion that it is blood by ruling out all other possibilities.”  Most of the PhysOrg article was concerned whether the find supports the Jurassic Park movie scenario of isolating blood DNA from a Jurassic mosquito.  Greenwalt et al. stated their opinion on that: “Although large and fragile molecules such as DNA cannot survive fossilization, other complex organic molecules, in this case iron-stabilized heme, can survive intact and provide information relative to the mechanisms of the fossilization process.”Nature News said the find supports Schweitzer’s claim that hemoglobin was found in dinosaur bone.  The chance of finding a blood-gorged abdomen of a mosquito was “infinitesimally small,” the article said, likening the “very fragile” insect part “like a balloon ready to burst.”This finding, interesting while not spectacular, adds to the long list of evidence of remarkable preservation of original tissue in fossils thought to be tens of millions of years old.  Enough of this evidence could tip opinion away from the dogma of long ages.  We offer it not as proof, but as support for a growing body of evidence against millions of years.  It was not that long ago when fossil-hunters taught that all primordial biological material would have been replaced by stone in just thousands of years.  Each of these falsifications of that notion has come as a surprise.  From this paper, we have the evolutionists’ word that DNA cannot last long enough to be found in dinosaur bone.  Time to look for what the experts consider impossible. (Visited 97 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Read More Mosquito Fossil Found With Intact Heme from Blood

Young Solar System Evidence Pops Up Everywhere

first_imgIf the solar system formed more recently than believed, Darwinism is dead. Look how widely scattered the evidence is.Dunes, glaciers, and convection cells in Pluto’s Sputnik PlanitiaPlutoRecent cryovolcanism in Virgil Fossae on Pluto (Icarus). Distant Pluto has no reason to be young. There are no forces known to make it active. Scientists expected a dead world until New Horizons flew past it in 2015. Ammonia “lava” has been found in one region, but it’s not the only site of relatively recent activity.Because NH3 in its various forms is susceptible to destruction by UV photons and charged particles, its presence suggests emplacement on Pluto’s surface sometime in the past billion years.In addition to the debouchment of cryolava along fault lines in Virgil Fossae, fountaining from one or more associated sites appears to have distributed a mantling layer covering a few thousand square kilometers.Keep in mind that Pluto was expected to be 4.5 billion years old. Even if the cryovolcanism were a billion years old, that approaches the last 1/5th of the time Pluto was thought to exist. What happened in the other 4/5ths, such that volcanic activity turned on in the last 20% of its existence? Also, “sometime in the past billion years” could be far more recent; the speculative estimate is based on assumptions about the amount erupted and the rate of destruction.Titan’s theoretical interior (NASA).Saturn: TitanTitan has a belt of ice 6300 kilometres long that shouldn’t be there (New Scientist). There should not be fresh ice on the surface of Titan, because 4.5 billion years is a very long time for it to be covered up by molecules raining down from the atmosphere. Yet planetary scientists found a huge amount of it from Cassini data.Titan has a huge ice belt near its equator, and we don’t know how it got there. Most of the surface is covered in organic sediment that constantly rains from the sky, but one corridor 6300 kilometres long – about 40 per cent of the frigid moon’s circumference – seems to be bare ice.Jupiter: EuropaUltraviolet observation of Enceladus’ plume in transit across Saturn, compared to Europa (Icarus). The plumes of Saturn’s little moon Enceladus are well-known, but those at Jupiter’s second Galilean moon Europa, one of the smoothest objects in the solar system, were discovered only recently. This paper calculates that Europa is emitting water two orders of magnitude more than Enceladus!Europa (top) compared to Earth and Mars.Saturn’s moon Enceladus is known to have a water vapor plume erupting from fissures across its south polar region. The plume was detectable in an observation of Enceladus transiting Saturn by Cassini’s Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrograph (UVIS), but only at 1216 Å (Lyman alpha). Jupiter’s moon Europa also may have multiple water vapor plumes, detected via similar ultraviolet observations of Europa transiting Jupiter (after being discovered via emission features) by Hubble Space Telescope. Comparison of the UVIS Enceladus transit observation to published Europa transit results reveals that Europa’s plumes have very different properties than Enceladus’ plume using the same observational technique. For example, the mass of water expelled is two orders of magnitude less at Enceladus compared to Europa.If Enceladus causes headaches for belief in an old solar system, how much more Europa, erupting a hundred times as much – to say nothing of its neighbor Io, the most volcanically active body in the solar system?MarsHow much of the sediment in Gale crater’s central mound was fluvially transported? (Geophysical Research Letters). When JPL aimed the Curiosity rover at Gale crater, they expected to find evidence of a watery flood in Mars’s past, because a mound of layered sediments in the crater were evident from orbit. Instead, the crater appeared very dry. This paper concludes that most of the sediments were not brought in by water, but by wind:Curiosity artwork (NASA/JPL)The origin of the sedimentary mound within Gale crater, the landing site for the Mars Science Laboratory rover Curiosity, remains enigmatic. Here we examine the total potential contribution of fluvial [flowing] material by conducting a volume‐based analysis. On the basis of these results, the mound can be divided into three zones: a lower, intermediate, and upper zone. The top boundary of the lowermost zone is defined by maximal contribution of water‐lain sediments, which are ~13 to 20% of the total mound volume. The upper zone is defined by the elevation of the unbreached rim to the north (–2.46 km); sediments above this elevation cannot have been emplaced by flowing water. These volume balance calculations indicate that mechanisms other than flowing water are required to account for the overwhelming majority of the sediments transported into Gale crater. The most likely candidate process is settling from eolian [wind-borne] suspension.Mars has a lot of wind and a lot of sand. It would not require billions of years to deposit it. Notice that they speak of the “total potential contribution” by water; that’s an upper limit.MoonThe space rock that hit the moon at 61,000 kilometers an hour (Royal Astronomical Society).Observers watching January’s total eclipse of the Moon saw a rare event, a short-lived flash as a meteorite hit the lunar surface. Astronomers now think the space rock collided with the moon at 61,000 kilometers an hour, excavating a crater 10 to 15 meters across.Impacts are to be expected from our knowledge of objects crossing Earth’s orbit, but how often do they impact the moon? The number of impact flashes observed in human history, which is quite a lot, has to be extrapolated over the assumed age of the solar system.Credit: Illustra MediaHow Did the Moon End Up Where It Is? (Live Science). News watchers may find it amusing how believers in the consensus age have to tweak parameters to keep the moon old. The Darwin family gets implicated in this storytelling:The detailed mathematics that describe this evolution were first developed by George Darwin, son of the great Charles Darwin, in 1880. But his formula produces the opposite problem when we input our modern figures. It predicts that Earth and the moon were close together only 1.5 billion years ago. Darwin’s formula can only be reconciled with modern estimates of the moon’s age and distance if its typical recent recession rate is reduced to about one centimetre per year.The solar system owes no obligation to planetary scientists’ opinions about the ages of things. It is what it is.If scientists followed the evidence where it leads, they would not believe that the solar system is 4.5 billion years old. That value was decided decades ago in order to give Darwin time to evolve people from bacterial ancestors. Then they found some lucky meteorites that gave them the value they liked. That has become the standard date set in stone, from which they will not be moved by contrary evidence (see 23 April 2019).“The great” Charles Darwin. Good grief. Now read this.(Visited 678 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Read More Young Solar System Evidence Pops Up Everywhere

Steps for a successful lambing or kidding season

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Goat and sheep lambing season is here and well underway for some producers. It is always important to review your last lambing/kidding season and its successes and failures as you prepare to raises lambs and kids during the current year. The following article offers some helpful tips for goat and sheep producers.Take some time to read the tips below. Some of them may be review, but you never know when you will learn something new that could help your herd or flock.6 steps for a successful lambing or kidding seasonBy Tom Earleywine, Ph.D., director of nutritional services for Land O’Lakes Animal Milk Products Co.The health, growth and early performance of a lamb or kid crop directly impact’s future performance in the milking parlor, pasture or showring. As a result, long-term successes can be driven by success during the lambing and kidding season.Nutrition is essential in giving lambs and kids a solid start. High quality milk replacer can be a solution to success; however, success is not guaranteed on milk replacer alone. Here is a look at six steps to a successful total management program shared at the 2015 Dairy Sheep Association of North America Symposium.Step 1: Set obtainable goals.Before the first lamb hits the ground, analyze past performance of the flock, set tangible goals and determine a path for achieving these goals.Consider a 200 percent lamb or kid crop as an attainable goal. Mature and well-conditioned ewes and does should be able to lamb at least two lambs or kids. Strive for less than 5 percent pre-weaning mortality. The industry target is less than 5 percent, but it’s estimated that 20 percent of lambs are lost before weaning, with 80 percent of those losses in the first 10 days.[1]Step 2: Provide newborn care.Within the first few minutes after a lamb or kid is born, they are exposed to bacteria and pathogens. Two ways to protect against these pathogens are: navel disinfection and quality colostrum.Dip the newborn’s navel in 7 percent tincture iodine immediately after birth, ensure the disinfectant covers both the outside and inside of the navel.Colostrum or the first milk in lactation is the primary protection newborns receive against environmental pathogens and bacteria. Lambs and kids should receive 10 percent of their body weight in colostrum by 18 hours of age, fed at 105 degrees F. For example, a 10 pound lamb should be fed 1 pound or 16 ounces of colostrum in the first 18 hours of its life.Keep in mind that fluctuations in colostrum quality and quantity are probable; a colostrum replacement can be used to ensure all lambs and kids receive a high-quality, disease-free colostrum.Step 3: Select a species-specific milk replacer.After newborns are fed high-quality colostrum or colostrum replacer for the first feeding, they can be transitioned to a milk replacer.Look for a milk replacer made specifically for lambs or kids. Many options of milk replacer may be available to you, but calves, lambs, kids, pigs, alpacas, puppies and kittens all have different nutrient requirements. Milk replacers formulated for lambs are better able to provide the nutrients lambs require because they closely mimic the composition of ewe’s milk. The same is true with kid-specific milk replacers for kid goats.Step 4: Choose the right feeding system.Bottle feeding, free-choice feeding or an automated system are the three primary means of feeding lambs and kids on milk replacer.Select which system is the best fit by considering the facilities, size of operation, labor situation and performance objectives. Make sure the system provides enough nutrition so lambs and kids at least triple their birth weight by 28 days of age. Clean and disinfect the system as often as possible.Step 5: Stimulate rumen development.The rumen is the main site for nutrient breakdown and absorption in mature ruminants and in other species has been highly correlated to health and performance of the animal.When a lamb or kid is born, the rumen is not fully developed and neither are the papillae inside the rumen. Growth of the rumen papillae and rumen development can be correlated with what the lamb or kid eats pre-weaning.If the rumen is not developed appropriately, weaning can be delayed or unsuccessful. Water is a critical ingredient in the development of bacterial growth and the beginning of rumen fermentation. Always provide free choice water.Step 6: Promote a smooth weaning transition.Lambs and kids are ready for weaning when they consume an equivalent of 1.5 percent of their body weight in high-quality creep feed along with adequate water. Usually this will occur near 30 days of age or 35 pounds of weight. At weaning time, each lamb should have consumed at least 25 pounds of lamb milk replacer powder.Follow these steps to weaning:Plan weaning protocol, timing and facilities 14 to 21 days prior to weaning.Ensure animals are consuming creep feed and utilizing water.Gradually remove milk replacer or remove ewe.Feed a high protein ration (18 to 25 percent crude protein).Following these six steps provides a total management system for successfully raising lambs or kids, especially when on milk replacer. Setting goals, providing a high-quality colostrum and milk replacer, comfortable housing, and ready access to high quality feed and water will help lambs and kids thrive.For more information on lamb and kid nutrition, contact Tom Earleywine, Ph.D., at (800) 618-6455 or [email protected], visit www.lolmilkreplacer.com or like We Care for Lambs or We Care for Kids on Facebook.  [1]S. Schoenian, University of Maryland, Care of Newborn Lambs, July 24, 2014last_img read more

Read More Steps for a successful lambing or kidding season

Fort St John Association for Community Living to host inclusion meeting

first_img“We were happy to get on board to have the consultation in Fort St. John and have invited individuals, parents, support groups and those who care for adults living with developmental disabilities to participate and provide the province with feedback on what community inclusion should be”, said LaBoucane.The community inclusion meeting for adults living with developmental disabilities takes place November 15 at 6:30 p.m. at the Fort St. John Association for Community Living, located at 10251-100 Avenue.For more information and for registration, you can call the Fort St. John Association for Community Living at 250-787-9262 FORT ST. JOHN, B.C. – The Ministry of Social Development in partnership with the Fort St. John Association for Community Living will be holding a meeting to discuss community inclusion for adults living with developmental disabilities.The objective of the meeting is to update a shared vision for community inclusion and to guide planning for how provincial services and supports should change and evolve over the next 10 years.Renee LaBoucane, Executive Director of Fort St. John Association for Community Living, says they have invited various members of the community to attend.last_img read more

Read More Fort St John Association for Community Living to host inclusion meeting

EC allows ‘Rupashree’ scheme to run

first_imgKolkata: The Election Commission (EC) has given the nod to the state government to continue with its social scheme “Rupashree”.Chief Secretary Malay De has recently sought clarifications from the EC regarding the continuation of some of its schemes with the Model Code of Conduct (MCC) in place after the announcement of the Lok Sabha polls. The Commission, a few days back, had granted permission to the state government to continue its “Somobyathi” scheme. Under the “Rupashree” scheme that was launched in April 2018, one-time financial assistance of Rs 25,000 is given to the economically-stressed families at the time of their daughters’ marriages. In “Somobyathi”, a one-time ex-gratia grant of Rs 2,000 is given to the bereaved family members of a deceased who are in extreme financial need. It may be mentioned that a number of people had approached the state government informing about their difficulty as they were not getting benefits from certain schemes like “Rupashree”, “Somobyathi” and the like. Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee had directed De to take up the matter with the EC as she felt that the MCC should not be a hindrance in running schemes of public interest that have been announced much earlier and are ongoing. She also expressed her concern over the sufferings of people with the stalling of such schemes. “Marriages are settled much earlier and the rituals are performed as per the convenience of the family members. Similarly, an unfortunate death of a person may occur anytime. The Model Code of Conduct should not be a barrier in providing benefits under these schemes,” Banerjee had reasoned. A senior official of the state government informed that the government has also urged the Election Commission seeking an extension of procurement of potatoes from farmers by a week. The dates for the purchase of potatoes from farmers was scheduled from March 1 to 17. However, with heavy rains affecting the potato cultivation, the state had sought extension till March 24. “The EC is yet to respond to this plea,” the official said.last_img read more

Read More EC allows ‘Rupashree’ scheme to run

With silver, Divyansh secures India’s 4th Olympic quota in shooting

first_imgBeijing: Rajasthan’s 17-year-old teenager Divyansh Singh Panwar on Friday secured India’s fourth Olympic quota place in shooting by winning a silver in the ISSF World Cup here. Competing in only his second senior competition, Divyansh shot a total of 249.0 in the 10m air rifle event to finish a creditable second in the International Shooting Sport Federation World Cup for pistol and rifle shooters. In fact, he missed out on the gold medal by just 0.4 points, which eventually went to China’s Zicheng Hui, who shot 249.4. Also Read – We will push hard for Kabaddi”s inclusion in 2024 Olympics: RijijuGrigorii Shamakov of Russia settled for bronze with a score of 227.5. This is India’s fourth 2020 Tokyo Olympic quota after Anjum Moudgil and Apurvi Chandela (10m air rifle women), and Saurabh Choudhary (10m Air Pistol men) had secured berths in the earlier World Cups and last year’s World Championship. Divyansh had qualified in third position for the final with a total score of 629.2 in the 60-shot competition. In the eight-man 24-shot final, Divyansh shot like a seasoned pro and barring a 95, none of his scores were below 10.1. Also Read – Djokovic to debut against Shapovalov at Shanghai MastersWhile a 10.9 in his 21st shot was the highlight, two other shots — a 10.5 to secure bronze and a 10.5 when faced with a bit of pressure from the legendary Hungarian Peter Sidi ahead of his 17th shot — stood out. Hailing from Jaipur, Divyansh was never out of contention in the final, staying in the top three throughout. Among the other Indians in the fray, Ravi Kumar finished 44th with a score of 624.1 while Deepak Kumar was placed 57th with 622.6. “Feeling really proud to have won quota for my country. I have gained in experience from this final. It was very tough with proven shooters, Olympians in fray,” Divyansh said after winning the medal and quota. China had already secured its maximum two quotas in the event, ensuring the two available berths went to Indian and Russia.last_img read more

Read More With silver, Divyansh secures India’s 4th Olympic quota in shooting

802 polling booths sensitive in Gurugram

first_imgGurugram: As many as 802 booths have been identified as sensitive. These booths are present in Sohna, Badshapur and even the Gurugram city. Under the 802 polling booths, 368 are 368 sensitive areas and 434 hypersensitive areas. The maximum number of sensitive booths have been identified in Sohna which s then followed by Badshapur and even parts of Gurugram urban area.According to officials, there is a possibility that in the booths that have been identified as sensitive there can be violence which can be initiated by the rival groups. Also Read – Odd-Even: CM seeks transport dept’s views on exemption to women, two wheelers, CNG vehiclesIn Sohna, there are 78 sensitive booths and 114 hypersensitive booths. In Pataudi, there are 44 sensitive booths and 45 hypersensitive booths while in Badhahpur there are 77 hypersensitive booths. At 13 there are also a substantial number of hypersensitive booths in Gurugram urban area. Gurugram deputy commissioner Amit Khatri said additional forces will be deployed in such polling stations to maintain law and order and ensure peaceful polling. A polling station is deemed normal, sensitive or hypersensitive after being ranked by the level of its vulnerability to violence based on criteria such as violent incidents in the past, if 75 per cent or more votes went to a single candidate, among other factors.last_img read more

Read More 802 polling booths sensitive in Gurugram

The Happiest And Saddest Fans In Baseball

Reds+0.58-0.04-0.22 Diamondbacks+0.28+0.04+0.17 Rangers+0.24-0.78-0.08 Cubs+0.49+0.74+0.84 Padres+0.94-0.11+0.13 Twins+0.41-0.03-0.10 Phillies+0.35+0.05+0.35 Red Sox+0.63-0.27-0.12 Cardinals+0.44-0.26-0.02 Royals+0.85-0.27-0.20 Mets+0.23-0.19-0.04 Giants+0.50-0.04+0.05 Astros+0.87+0.09+0.11 Rockies+0.88+0.13+0.12 Pirates+0.92-0.13-0.07 Yankees+0.90+0.62+0.74 Braves+0.46+0.11+0.08 Mariners+1.07-0.38-0.35 SENTIMENT SCORE Tigers+0.55+0.15-0.11 Baseball teams have a way of dragging their fans’ moods with their fortunes on the field. It’s no fun to root for a perpetually losing team, especially if its performance seems unlikely to improve. Conversely, an unexpected contender has a way of lifting one’s spirits.But wins and losses are much easier to measure than happiness. We do have a proxy, though: the masses at Reddit. I scraped comments from each team’s subreddit1Using this script to get text from specific subreddits. on the website and determined how happy their comments were.2In technical terms, the valence of each subreddit, or how positive it was. To do this, I used the AFINN-111 word list, which was assembled by Finn Arup Nielsen in 2011. To do that I used sentiment analysis, collecting the words used by each fan base to determine their overall level of joy. More positive words (“win,” “wow,” “wonderful”) point to a happier fan base, and more negative words (“unimpressed,” “miserable,” “wrong”) suggest the opposite.Here are some highlights of what I found (a full table is at the bottom of this post):There are some caveats, as there always are with sentiment analysis. The word list I used was calibrated to a sentiment analysis of Twitter — it’s possible that language is used differently on Reddit, and so the sentiment scores may not be as calibrated to the medium as they would be if we had Reddit-centric sentiment scoring. For example, the word “damn” is rated as strongly negative, since it is usually a negative exclamation (“damn, we lost again”). However, it can also be used in a positive sense: “damn, that was our fifth straight win, we are pretty good.” And maybe people on Reddit “damn” more positively than the hordes on Twitter. (The same can go for any word used atypically in any sentence, making its meaning different from how the algorithm interpreted it.) Also, people who write on Reddit do not constitute a random sample of a team’s fans.But let’s get back to the results. Hope springs eternal in the offseason but is extinguished for many fan bases by July.3All measurements come from three time periods: one preseason (Feb. 15 to March 15), one pre-trade-deadline (June 15 to July 15), and one crossing the trade deadline (July 15 to Aug. 15). That makes sense given how many teams don’t have any hope left. In the preseason, only one team — the Phillies — had playoff odds less than 1 percent, per FanGraphs. Now, 11 teams have odds less than 1 percent. Sentiment scores per word — our index of happiness — tended to be between 0.3 and 1 on the sentiment scale in the offseason, indicating that the average word was a positive one (between a neutral word and the word “agreement”). Nowadays, the same scores have plunged. Clearly the grind of the MLB season wears on the fans’ happiness as it does the players.Every fan base lost some of its happiness from the preseason, save one: the Chicago Cubs, who increased their sentiment score by a bit. The Cubs have not only been contenders in the crowded National League Central, they have also seen a number of top prospects called up, most notably Kris Bryant (but also Addison Russell and Kyle Schwarber). Not only are the Cubs contending a little earlier than expected — the future is even brighter.All other teams’ fans have become much less happy since February, but not all by the same amount. The change in sentiment score from February to July is roughly in proportion to the change in playoff odds of each team.4The correlation coefficient is r = -.3, which is not quite significant. Teams that made strides in their playoff hopes such as the Yankees, Angels and Dodgers have seen the smallest declines in sentiment since February. At the other end of the spectrum, teams such as the Mariners, Athletics and Padres have seen their playoff odds tumble. Their fan bases also have had some of the most pronounced declines in sentiment scores per word.From July to August, sentiment scores were steady, fluctuating about four times less than they did from February to July.5The Pearson correlation value was a strong .746. The trade deadline didn’t seem to do much to move the needle in terms of fan happiness, but the teams that did gain are mostly the ones you’d expect: the Blue Jays (who strengthened their roster enormously), the Cardinals (who locked down a playoff spot) and a few others who were riding winning streaks. On the other side, the Tigers lost happiness, witnessing their championship window close and their highly regarded general manager leave.Although on-field success can buy happiness, it doesn’t seem to work for every team. The Royals have gained the most playoff probability of any team since the preseason, but they lost the fourth-most happiness from the offseason to July. There are any number of potential reasons6Including the All-Star controversy, an injury to their star player (Alex Gordon), and enmity from other teams/fan bases. for the relative grumpiness of Royals fans, but one may be that fans were more optimistic about the Royals than the projection systems. While contention in Kansas City may seem surprising to sabermetricians, it may not to Royals fans who were riding high off a World Series appearance.Conversely, failure on the field isn’t necessarily enough to dissuade a happy fan base. The Phillies, hopeless since the beginning of the year, nevertheless have fans who aren’t that much sadder than they were before the season. Despite the loss of erstwhile ace Cole Hamels at the trade deadline, fans have gotten happier since July — his trade and others signaled a shift in direction for the team toward rebuilding. As above with the Cubs, fan bases seem to not only weigh the present but also to consider the prospect for future improvement.There are also some inexplicable cases such as that of the Rays, whose fan base declined in sentiment much more dramatically than their playoff odds would lead one to expect. It’s possible that the Rays’ 4-8 slide in July before the All-Star break had something to do with it, or the seven-game losing streak from June 28 to July 4. The streaks, winning and losing, may play havoc with fans’ emotions, causing people to see false patterns suggesting imminent decline in what is mostly random fluctuation.Obviously, we’re grasping for answers as to why fans are happier or sadder as the season goes by. But the general trend seems to be that a complex calculus of current performance and hope for the future dictates how happy each team’s fan base feels. Of course, it all resets come March. Hang tight, Reds fans. Only a few more months to go. Angels+0.28+0.21+0.08 TEAMFEBRUARYJULYAUGUST Blue Jays+0.28-0.03+0.21 Nationals+0.61-0.11-0.18 Rays+2.24+0.04+0.27 Dodgers+0.29+0.07-0.15 Athletics+0.62+0.10+0.10 Marlins+1.44-0.08+0.19 White Sox+0.940.00-0.07 Brewers+0.71-0.29-0.06 Indians+0.66+0.05-0.02 Orioles+0.43-0.07+0.08 read more

Read More The Happiest And Saddest Fans In Baseball

Reduction of sanctions could help Penn State football

Penn State football coach Bill O’Brien instructs his players during a game against Eastern Michigan Sept. 7 at Beaver Stadium. PSU won, 45-7.Credit: Courtesy of MCTAfter nearly two years of heartbreak, allegations and eventual unprecedented sanctions handed down by the NCAA, things might be looking up for the Penn State football program.In the wake of the Jerry Sandusky sexual abuse scandal, college sport’s governing body ordered the university to pay $60 million over five years to a special endowment created to fund programs preventing child sexual abuse, initiated a four-year bowl ban, vacated victories between 1998-2011 and took away scholarships. A bit of that changed Tuesday.PSU initially was only going to have 65 football scholarships beginning in 2014, but instead will receive 75 that year, 80 in 2015 and the full 85 in 2016.That could go a long way to restoring a program and school that was ravished by the scandal, potentially bringing it back to Big Ten relevance quickly.“We’re happy right now for our players; our student-athletes that are here and our football program,” PSU coach Bill O’Brien said Tuesday on the Big Ten teleconference. “They’re a resilient bunch of kids… We’re just trying to take it one day at a time and working as hard as we can and continuing every single day to try to do the right thing.”O’Brien is 11-5 in just over a year as the head man of the Nittany Lions and is scheduled to lead them to Indiana for its Big Ten opener Saturday. PSU fell at home to Ohio State 35-23, in 2012 and is scheduled to visit Columbus at the end of October.The NCAA announcing the restoration of the scholarships to the program could help to improve recruiting in the immediate future, but O’Brien said his strategy for attracting players to State College is between him and his coaching staff.“Obviously, we’re able to sign some more guys and be able to have a roster of 75 scholarship players next year so things will change and we’ll see how that goes,” O’Brien said. “Right now we’re not going to comment on that or talk about that. That’s between the staff, myself and that’s about it.”The Nittany Lions and Buckeyes sport two of the largest stadiums in college football, and the rivalry that has ensued within the confines of each has yielded nothing short of exciting contests. OSU leads the overall series 14-8, with many of the matchups occurring when both teams were ranked.OSU coach Urban Meyer’s only time facing PSU was the victory at Beaver Stadium last season.Meyer was not asked about the reduced sanctions Tuesday on the Big Ten teleconference.OSU is set to open conference play Saturday in Columbus against No. 23 Wisconsin at 8 p.m. The Buckeyes will take on Penn State in Columbus Oct. 26. read more

Read More Reduction of sanctions could help Penn State football

Al Jazira sign Siani

first_imgThe Cameroon midfielder Sebastian Siani has become the latest addition to join up with the Mohammed Bin Zayed stadium outfit.Sebastian Siani joins the UAE pro league side from Belgian club Royal Antwerp.The midfielder moves to UAE after spending six months with Antwerp during which he scored once in thirteen appearances.The Cameroonian was unveiled at the Mohammed Bin Zayed stadium after completing his medicals at the club.Aussie boss set to make changes against the UAE Obinna Echi – January 22, 2019 Australia coach Graham Arnold is optimistic a squad rotation in the 2019 Asian Cup quarter-finals against the United Arab Emirates will be successful.The Socceroos scraped through…The former KV Oostende joins the first team of Al Jazira as soon as they begin their preseason preparations.“Al Jazira Football Company have completed the signing of former Anderlecht and Antwerp midfielder Sebastian Siani,” the club said in an official statement quoted in Goal.Sebastian Siani was part of the Cameroon side that won the Orange African Nations Cup in Gabon in 2017.Al Jazira Football Company are hoping to have a huge impact on football in the United Arab Emirates as well as Asia in general.last_img read more

Read More Al Jazira sign Siani