WASHINGTON — Washington’s protracted budget stalemate could seriously undermine the economy and stall gains made since the recession, exasperated governors said Saturday as they tried to gauge the fallout from impending federal spending cuts.At the annual National Governors Association meeting, both Democrat and Republican chief executives expressed pessimism that both sides could find a way to avoid the massive, automatic spending cuts set to begin March 1, pointing to the impasse as another crisis between the White House and Congressthat hampers their ability to construct state spending plans and spooks local businesses from hiring.Hawaii Gov. Neil Abercrombie, a former congressman, noted that the cuts — known in Washington-speak as “the sequester” — could lead to 19,000 workers laid off at Pearl Harbor, site of the surprise attack in 1941 that launched the United States into World War II. Today, Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam supports Air Force and Navy missions.“That will undermine our capacity for readiness at Pearl Harbor. If that doesn’t symbolize for the nation … what happens when we fail to meet our responsibilities congressionally, I don’t know what does,” Abercrombie said.The budget fight came as many states say they are on the cusp of an economic comeback from the financial upheaval in 2008 and 2009. States expect their general fund revenues this year to surpass the amounts collected before the Great Recession kicked in. An estimated $693 billion in revenues is expected for the 2013 budget year, nearly a 4 percent increase over the previous year.